South Florida’s first crop mob was at Verde Gardens and the task was to plant hundreds of fruit trees for the 3-acre food forest. We had over 50 RSVP’s, but due to the rain we had 30 committed people show up. We started by educating the beginners on how to properly plant fruit trees, taught about and built rain water barrels, and then we proceeded to plant about 300 hundred fruit trees. The crop mob was wrapped up with an amazing pulled BBQ jackfruit from Bambi and Sonia; or so I heard (not tasted), as I am a raw foodie. Keep reading!
If you are a Florida resident, or are currently visiting the South Florida area, you must attend the 2nd Annual Greater Everglades Community Food Summit. The week long event (September 29th – October 5th) starts with The Path to the Summit, continues onto The Gathering, and translates into your everyday life. It was designed by Earth Learning in 2010 in order to educate the community, encourage networking, unite community members, and to provide individuals with the strength and control of their local food shed. Keep Reading!
Moringa Man came to town, and with him he brought 1,800 moringa tree seeds! It was a great surprise to me because I had missed the meeting when we were notified that he would be coming. He also showed up during the morning ritual of weeding the burma reed – couldn’t get better timing than that!
Turns out, the Moringa Man has a name, Jack, and he works for BioPlanet USA.
BioPlanet USA is a non profit organization that generates reforestation projects of moringa in areas where there has been natural disasters or in areas that are in need. Bioplanet also involves the communities around these sites providing them with employment, nutritional benefits, education and hope. Currently, BioPlanet USA has reforestation projects in Mexico, Haiti, USA, and Honduras.
Community Foodworks and BioPlanet USA have decided to team up in a project geared towards reforestation. BioPlanet USA has donated Community Foodworks 1800 moringa tree seeds which half of them will be planted solely for seed crops to be used in case of another natural disaster like the earthquakes in Haiti. The other 900 seeds will be used for the many uses that I list below:
- Food: The leaves are rich in minerals and protein, and have a nice spicy flavor.
- Water Purification: The seeds can be crushed and inserted into water to remove bacterial contaminants.
- Animal Forage: Cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and rabbits all enjoy the leaves. You can also feed the leaves to carp and other fish.
- Cleaning Agent: Crushed leaves can be used for cleaning cooking utensils or walls.
- Dye: The wood produces a blue dye.
- Alley Cropping: Moringa’s have a long taproot, few lateral roots, grow really fast, produce minimal shade, and have a large production of high-protein biomass, which makes it a perfect candidate for alley cropping.
- Fetilizer: The seed cake can be used as a protein-rich plant fertilizer. You can also extract the juice of moringa leaves and spray that onto plants (resulted in 20%-35% increased crop production).
- Honey Clarifier: Powder seeds clarify honey and sugarcane juice without needing to boil
- Honey: Flowers are a good source of nectar for honey bees.
- Live Fencing: Moringa is perfect to use as a living fence.
- Gum: The gum produced for a cut tree trunk has been used in making medicines and calico printing.
- Ornamental: Plant moringa trees along avenues and gardens for ornamental purposes.
- Pulp: The pulp is suitable for making newsprint and writing paper. However, the wood is soft and spongy which makes it poor for firewood.
- Plant disease prevention: Incorporating moringa leaves into the soil prior to planting can prevent damping off disease (Pythium debaryanum) among seedlings.
- Infant Supplement: The dried leaves are a a high mineral and protein source that can be added to honey and fed to infants
- Rope-making: Beat the bark into a fiber to use as productions for ropes and mats.
A group of apprentices, farmers, directors, and the moringa man sowed the seed crop moringa in a field. The plan was to walk forward and every meter put a seed 1 inch into the soil. It’s a good thing our intentions were to not make straight lines because that would’ve never worked with the way we were walking!
We wanted to start some of the seeds in used pots, but first we had to clean the pots to remove any possible diseases. You can easily sanitize them by filling a tub with water and just enough vinegar so that you can smell it, and then scrubbing the pots. Afterwards, make sure to give them a quick dunk in some water just to rinse off the vinegar wash.
Have fun while working, and make sure to work smarter, not harder. That is exactly what Miles is doing here; it was raining so he found a nice dry place to plant the seeds, put them in a wheel barrow to raise the pots, and sat down on a chair to do the lazy man permaculture approach!
We planted four seeds per each pot that will be transplanted into a living fence, animal fodder, food, and other uses. Our plans are to transplant after a few weeks so the tree’s roots will not become tangled.
If you find yourself living where moringa grows (the tropics and sub-tropics), you should really plant some moringa. As you can see, there are many great uses for this tree which makes it a great choice for the permaculture property.
I wish I had footage of the work all of us did today. I was having so much fun, and was so busy, that I forgot to get any film or photos of my day at the farm. There were two main jobs that had to get done today; one was organizing the nursery and the other was mapping the market garden.
Antonio, the full-time farmer, lead a group of apprentices in the nursery. Their tasks were labeling plants, such as jackfruit, setting up more nursery tables, and doing a inventory of the plants that were recently moved from a different site to “The farm at Verde Gardens”.
Since I have had experience with mapping out sites before, including the Food Forest at “Verde” and my recent un-named farm, I lead the other group of 3 fellow apprentices. I taught the others about why the market garden is going where it is, the importance of proper design, and permaculture zones. It took us the whole day, but by the end we were able to finish the mapping out the market garden, and parts of the alley crops. Now that we finished the mapping, we can get down to the design. Since fall is right around the corner, time is running out fast. The five farmer apprentices need to finish the design so we can start the soil building and planting before it is too late.
On another note, I imagine most of you are wondering what is a permaculture zone. Below is a quick write up and a short video of what permaculture zones are:
Zone 0 – The house or central location. This zone is the center of your site, it is where you spend most of your time. This location will be designed to reduce the amount of energy used here, including water needs, and creating a harmonious environment in which to live and work in.
Zone 1 – The zone nearest to the central location. This is where you place the elements that need most attention and visiting. Here you will place your salad crops, herb plants, soft fruits, propagation/nursery beds, worm bins, and whatever else you feel you need to pay close attention to.
Zone 2 – Use this area for perennial plants that need less attention and maintenance, such as main carbohydrate crops. You may need to do some light spot mulching or even pruning in this area. You can place your large scale compost bins or even keep bees in zone 2.
Zone 3 – This site can be used for larger animals, grazing, large ponds and swales, and your larger main crops. You may decide to place your food forest here, or you can place it back in zone 2.
Zone 4 – Your semi wild area, and also used for farmed forestry. This is a great spot to set up a timber production and to forage for wild foods. You may also choose to place a forestry system for poles, craft, or bee fodder.
Zone 5 – This area is kept completely wild. You use zone 5 to observe, gather information, meditate, and to remain in tranquility.
The great piece to zones is that they can overlap each other. You design your zones accordingly to the way you function, the places you walk through most, and the areas that are most convenient (or not) to get to. These initial steps to planning and design are crucial as this is where you decide the most effective way for you to live and function from day to day.
Take a moment to watch this amazing documentary from Geoff Lawton describing permaculture zones:
If you enjoyed that short video, I suggest for you to check out the full Introduction to Permaculture by Geoff Lawton posted by permacultureideas.blogspot.com. Permaculture Ideas is loaded with really clever ideas of recycling old “junk” into useful items around your homestead.
Keep posted for future blogs to see the final design and how you can build the best soil.